Items under the Diagnostics menu perform various diagnostic and administrative tasks.
- ARP Table
Displays a list of devices as seen locally by the firewall. The list includes an IP address, MAC address, Hostname, the Interface where the device was seen, and other related information.
Tests authentication to a defined RADIUS or LDAP server. See Troubleshooting Authentication.
- Backup & Restore
Backup and restore configuration files. See Backup and Recovery.
- Command Prompt
Execute shell commands or PHP code, and upload/download files to/from the firewall. Use with caution.
- DNS Lookup
Executes a DNS lookup to resolve hostnames for diagnostic purposes, and to test connectivity to DNS servers. See DNS Lookup.
- Edit File
Edit a file on the firewall filesystem.
- Factory defaults
Resets the configuration back to default. Be aware, however, that this does not alter the filesystem or uninstall package files; it only changes configuration settings. See 4) Reset to factory defaults.
- GEOM Mirrors
If the firewall contains a GEOM disk mirror, this page shows the status of the mirror and provides controls for managing the mirror.
- Halt system
Shuts down the firewall and turns off the power where possible. See 6) Halt system.
- Limiter Info
Shows the status of any Limiters and the traffic flowing inside them. See Checking Limiter Usage.
- NDP Table
Shows a list of local IPv6 devices as seen by the firewall. The list includes an IPv6 address, MAC address, hostname (if known to the firewall), and the interface.
- Packet Capture
Perform a packet capture to inspect traffic, and then view or download the results. See Packet Captures from the WebGUI.
Displays statistics about the packet filter, including general traffic rates, connection rates, state table info, and various other counters. See pfInfo.
Displays a list of the top active connections by a selectable metric such as bytes, rate, age, etc. See Viewing States with pfTop.
Sends ICMP echo requests to a given IP address, sent via a chosen interface.
- Reboot system
Reboots the firewall. This can take several minute to complete, depending on the hardware and enabled features. See 5) Reboot system.
Shows the contents of the routing table. See Viewing Routes.
- SMART Status
Displays diagnostic information about disk drives, if supported by the hardware. Can also run drive tests. See S.M.A.R.T. Hard Disk Status.
Displays a list of processes on the firewall that are bound to network ports, listening for connections or making connections outbound from the firewall itself.
Shows the currently active firewall states. See Firewall States.
- States Summary
Displays information about the state table, to see activity summarized by IP address. See States Summary.
- System Activity
Shows memory usage and a list of active processes and system threads on the firewall, the output is from
top -aSH. See System Activity (Top).
Displays and edits the contents of various firewall tables and aliases. See Viewing the Contents of Tables.
- Test Port
Performs a simple TCP connection test from the firewall to determine if a remote host is accepting connections on a specified port.
Trace the route taken by packets between this firewall and a remote system. See Using traceroute.