M.2 SATA Installation¶
The XG-5100 Desktop has 8 GB of onboard eMMC storage. Optionally, a M.2 SATA drive can be installed as an upgrade or to bypass the onboard eMMC flash memory.
Backup the configuration file, if possible.
Unplug the system for at least 60 seconds to ensure all phantom power has dissipated.
Anti-static protection must be used throughout this procedure.
Any hardware damage incurred during this procedure is not covered by the hardware warranty.
By default, the M.2 SATA drive will be the first drive recognized by the Netgate® device. pfSense® Plus must be reinstalled on the M.2 SATA drive.
The SG-5100 does not support NVMe drives.
The standoff for the M.2 SATA drive is not populated with a screw. A Standard M3 x 0.5 4mm Long Pan Head Screw can be used to secure the M.2 SATA drive in place.
The M.2 SATA slot is located underneath the a large heatsink/drive carrier, so the entire heatsink must be removed. The standoff is for the 2242 (22mm x 42mm) M.2 SATA drive.
Remove the three (3) screws from both sides of the SG-5100 (6 screws total) as shown below.
Turn the system over carefully to avoid scratching the top of the appliance. Remove the two (2) screws as indicated below.
Remove the cover.
Remove the four (4) heatsink screws as indicated.
Gently lift the heatsink away from the memory as shown and remove it. Be careful of the thermal transfer pad above the memory and connecting the heatsink to the chassis
Be sure to replace these thermal pads if they come off during the upgrade process.
Insert the M.2 SATA drive into the slot at about a 30° angle.
The M.2 SATA card is keyed. Do not force it into the slot.
Gently push down the M.2 SATA card and place the screw into the standoff.
Locate the Thermal Pads that came with the SG-5100. There will be two (2) in a plastic bag. This procedure uses the larger of the two pads.
The Thermal Pad has film on both sides. One side is shiny and is sticky. The shiny side will stick the heatsink. The non-shiny side is “tacky”, but not sticky. The tacky side will go to the M.2 SATA drive.
The Thermal Pad will attach to the large aluminum heatsink.
Remove the shiny film from the Thermal Pad and stick it to the heatsink as shown. Try to center it on the cutout, but it doesn’t need to be exact.
Remove the film from the non-sticky side of the Thermal Pad.
Replace the heatsink as shown. Replace the four (4) screws securing the heatsink in place.
Replace the system cover and screws.
Reinstall the pfSense® Plus software on the new M.2 SATA drive.
Restore the configuration backup if one is available.
For information on restoring from a previously saved configuration, see Backup and Restore.
If the new drive is compatible with S.M.A.R.T. it may be possible to view detailed drive status information and run tests from Diagnostics > S.M.A.R.T. Status.
See S.M.A.R.T. Hard Disk Status for details.