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Managing Local Users¶
In pfSense® software, user management has been centralized under System > User Manager. This takes the place of the individual user management and access server settings that used to be available under various subsystems.
Users are managed at the list view on the Users tab. The admin user cannot be deleted and its username may not be changed
When adding a user, fill in a Username and Password (and confirmation of the password). The other information is optional, but may be desirable to set.
A user may be added to a group by clicking (or ctrl-clicking for multiple) groups, and then clicking to add group memberships. Groups can be removed by clicking (or ctrl- clicking for multiple) and then pressing .
If this user will be accessing the firewall with SSH, and key-based authentication may be used instead of passwords. Paste their public ssh key into the Authorized Keys box.
When editing an existing user, the user’s Effective Privileges will be displayed based on group membership and additional permissions may be added directly.
When creating a user, a certificate may also be generated, such as one for OpenVPN, by clicking Click to create a user certificate, choosing the CA and other options, and filling in a Descriptive name for the certificate. After a user has been created, user certificates may be added later by clicking at the end of the User Certificates list.
Per-user GUI Options and Dashboard Layout¶
(2.3.2 and later) Each user can have their own settings for various GUI options and their dashboard layout. To enable this for a user, check the Custom Settings box when adding or editing the user. The user then automatically gets their own dashboard layout, starting from the system-wide layout. Choose the other GUI options desired for the user such as theme, top navigation, host name in menu, dashboard columns, show/hide associated panels, left column labels and browser tab text.
If you want the user to be able to adjust their GUI options themselves, then grant them the WebCfg - System: User Settings privilege. Note: users in the admin group will already have this privilege.
A user with Custom Settings enabled (and the User Settings privilege) will have menu option System > User Settings. The user can select this to change the desired GUI options for their user name.
When a user with Custom Settings enabled adds, moves or removes dashboard widgets, the custom dashboard layout is saved just for that user.
User Manager Settings¶
The system User Manager Settings are available on the Settings tab. Here, a Session Timeout may be set for GUI access, as well as changing the backend for WebGUI logins to an LDAP or RADIUS server.
If using an LDAP server and the authentication server times out, the system will fall back to using built-in authentication from pfSense, but this will incur a large delay on every page access.