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The Test Port function, found under the Diagnostics menu in the pfSense® webGUI, conducts a simple TCP connection test to determine if a Host is up and accepting connections on a given Port. This test does not function for UDP since there is no way to reliably determine if a UDP port accepts connections in this manner. This test does not function as a NAT test, only as a direct connection to an IP address and port with a listening daemon.
No data is transmitted to the remote host during this test, it will only attempt to open a connection and optionally display the data sent back from the server.
In the default mode, a simple TCP handshake is attempted (SYN, SYN+ACK, ACK), and if it completes, then a successful result is reported.
If Show Remote Text is checked, the test will open up the port and read data for approximately 10 seconds, after which time the output will be shown to the user. Not all daemons will output text to the user on connect, so in some cases this may be blank even if the service is working properly. For example, an SMTP server will respond with a welcome message, as will FTP, but an HTTP daemon will not send any text.
The options on the page allow control over the IP and port to be tested, and how the test will be initiated from the firewall.
When using a hostname as the target, the IP Protocol selection will force the use of IPv4 or IPv6, but care must be taken to avoid a conflict such as providing a hostname that only contains an IPv4 record but forcing IPv6.