VRRP Example

This example is a basic two-node VRRP cluster with one node as the owner of an internal and external VR address, and the other as a backup. This is a routed configuration with a statically routed subnet used for the internal LAN.

In this example, the upstream ISP will deliver a routed subnet (198.51.100.0/24) to the WAN-side VR address (203.0.113.2), and internal clients will use the LAN-side VR address (198.51.100.1) as their gateway.

Interface tracking is included in the example to protect against a single failure of either WAN or LAN.

See also

See VRRP Configuration for more information on how the commands in the example function.

Diagram

../_images/diagram-vrrp.png

VRRP Example Diagram

Required Information

These tables contain all required information to configure the cluster.

The information in this first table is related to the setup in general, not a specific cluster node.

Example Basic VRRP Configuration Related Information

Item

Value

Upstream Gateway

203.0.113.1

Routed Subnet

198.51.100.0/24

LAN Client Gateway

198.51.100.1

This information is for the primary node, which in this example is called R1.

Example Basic VRRP Configuration for R1

Item

Value

R1 WAN Interface

0000:06:00.0

R1 WAN IP Address

203.0.113.2/24

R1 WAN VR ID

220

R1 WAN VR Address

203.0.113.2

R1 WAN VR Priority

255 (Owner)

R1 LAN Interface

0000:06:00.1

R1 LAN IP Address

198.51.100.1/24

R1 LAN VR ID

210

R1 LAN VR Address

198.51.100.1

R1 LAN VR Priority

255 (Owner)

R1 Priority Decrease

240 (15)

This information is for the secondary node, which in this example is called R2. Note that the interface addresses are different than R1, but the same VR address is used.

Example Basic VRRP Configuration for R2

Item

Value

R2 WAN Interface

0000:06:00.0

R2 WAN IP Address

203.0.113.3/24

R2 WAN VR ID

220

R2 WAN VR Address

203.0.113.2

R2 WAN VR Priority

100

R2 LAN Interface

0000:06:00.1

R2 LAN IP Address

198.51.100.2/24

R2 LAN VR ID

210

R2 LAN VR Address

198.51.100.1

R2 LAN VR Priority

100

R2 Priority Decrease

90 (10)

Example Configuration

The configuration commands in this section show how the settings from the table above are applied to each node. Some additional VRRP settings are shown in the commands but not the tables, but they are using the default values, shown for emphasis.

First, set the R1 interface names:

r1 tnsr(config)# dataplane dpdk dev 0000:06:00.0 network name WAN
r1 tnsr(config)# dataplane dpdk dev 0000:06:00.1 network name LAN
r1 tnsr(config)# service dataplane restart

Next, configure the R1 WAN interface:

r1 tnsr(config)# int WAN
r1 tnsr(config-interface)# ip address 203.0.113.2/24
r1 tnsr(config-interface)# ip vrrp-virtual-router 220
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# preempt true
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# v3-advertisement-interval 100
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# priority 255
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# track-interface LAN priority-decrement 240
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# virtual-address 203.0.113.2
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# exit
r1 tnsr(config-interface)# exit
r1 tnsr(config)#

Next, configure the R1 LAN interface:

r1 tnsr(config)# int LAN
r1 tnsr(config-interface)# ip address 198.51.100.1/24
r1 tnsr(config-interface)# ip vrrp-virtual-router 210
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# preempt true
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# v3-advertisement-interval 100
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# priority 255
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# track-interface WAN priority-decrement 240
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# virtual-address 198.51.100.1
r1 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# exit
r1 tnsr(config-interface)# exit
r1 tnsr(config)#

R1 is now complete.

Set the R2 interface names:

r2 tnsr(config)# dataplane dpdk dev 0000:06:00.0 network name WAN
r2 tnsr(config)# dataplane dpdk dev 0000:06:00.1 network name LAN
r2 tnsr(config)# service dataplane restart

Configure the R2 WAN interface:

r2 tnsr(config)# int WAN
r2 tnsr(config-interface)# ip address 203.0.113.3/24
r2 tnsr(config-interface)# ip vrrp-virtual-router 220
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# preempt true
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# accept-mode true
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# v3-advertisement-interval 100
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# priority 100
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# track-interface LAN priority-decrement 90
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# virtual-address 203.0.113.2
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# exit
r2 tnsr(config-interface)# exit
r2 tnsr(config)#

Finally, configure the R2 LAN interface:

r2 tnsr(config)# int LAN
r2 tnsr(config-interface)# ip address 198.51.100.2/24
r2 tnsr(config-interface)# ip vrrp-virtual-router 210
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# preempt true
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# accept-mode true
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# v3-advertisement-interval 100
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# priority 100
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# track-interface WAN priority-decrement 90
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# virtual-address 198.51.100.1
r2 tnsr(config-vrrp4)# exit
r2 tnsr(config-interface)# exit
r2 tnsr(config)#

At this point, the interface and VRRP configuration is complete for both nodes.

LAN clients in 198.51.100.0/24 can use the LAN VR address of 198.51.100.1 as their default gateway.

VRRP Example with NAT

As mentioned in VRRP Compatibility, the example above cannot be used in combination with NAT because r1 has a priority of 255 on its VR addresses. To use VRRP with NAT, an additional address not used by either node is required by TNSR for use as the VRRP virtual address.

The configuration is largely the same as above, with a few key differences. An example for this configuration is covered in VRRP with Outside NAT.