IPFIX Exporter

TNSR can send UDP IP Flow Information Export (IPFIX, RFC 7011) data to an external flow collector. This allows the collector to track connections between hosts routing through TNSR and perform further actions such as connection logging or data analysis.

Note

There are numerous open source and commercial collectors capable of accepting UDP IPFIX data. The settings on TNSR for IPFIX largely depend upon what the collector expects. Consult the collector documentation for details.

Warning

Data exported by IPFIX may be sensitive in nature. IPFIX does not perform authentication or encryption. Only transmit data across trusted network paths.

Configuring IPFIX

The first step is to configure the location of the collector to which TNSR will deliver IPFIX data, and how it delivers that data.

Enter config-ipfix-exporter mode from config mode using the ipfix-exporter command.

Inside config-ipfix-exporter mode, the following commands are available:

checksum (true|false)

Controls whether or not TNSR will calculate UDP checksums for IPFIX flow data.

collector <ip4-addr> port <port>

Sets the IPv4 address and UDP port number to which TNSR will send IPFIX flow data. The default port is typically 4739 but may vary depending upon settings in the collector.

pmtu <mtu>

Sets an upper bound on the size of IPFIX packets between TNSR and the IPFIX collector. Must be within the range 68-1450.

source <ip4-addr>

Sets an alternate IPv4 source address rather than selecting a source address automatically. Useful if, for example, the IPFIX collector or a firewall in between expects traffic to come from a specific address.

template-interval <sec>

Sets the number of seconds after which TNSR will resend template data to the collector. IPFIX does not send the template with every data record to save on bandwidth consumption. Sending the template periodically allows the format of the data to change as needed, and to ensure the template data is received by the collector properly.

vrf <vrf-name>

Restricts IPFIX data collection to a specific VRF.

The next step is to configure which types of IPFIX data TNSR will send to the collector.

Note

Currently TNSR only supports IPFIX NAT Logging data. Future versions of TNSR will support additional types of IPFIX flow data.

Configuring IPFIX NAT Logging

TNSR is capable of sending NAT data via IPFIX so that a collector can log NAT translations. This allows the collector to observe the pre-NAT and post-NAT connection properties, such as IP addresses and ports.

This is useful for security reasons to track down abuse reports to an internal host, and it is also a legal requirement in certain environments.

In config mode, the following commands configure IPFIX NAT logging:

tnsr(config)# nat ipfix logging enable
tnsr(config)# nat ipfix logging domain <domain-id>
tnsr(config)# nat ipfix logging src-port <src-port>
nat ipfix logging enable

Enable IPFIX NAT logging

nat ipfix logging domain <domain-id>

The IPFIX observation domain (integer, 1 or higher) which uniquely identifies this TNSR instance to the collector. Should be unique per IPFIX device so the collector can differentiate the source of flow data. Default value is 1.

nat ipfix logging src-port <src-port>

The source port from which TNSR will send the IPFIX NAT logging data. Default value is 4739.

Note

The dataplane only supports a single instance of IPFIX NAT logging (one domain, one source port).

IPFIX Example

This example exports IPFIX data and NAT logging to 198.51.100.7 from a source of 203.0.113.2 along with other settings expected by the collector.

tnsr(config)# ipfix-exporter
tnsr(config-ipfix-exporter)# collector 198.51.100.7 port 4739
tnsr(config-ipfix-exporter)# source 203.0.113.2
tnsr(config-ipfix-exporter)# template-interval 20
tnsr(config-ipfix-exporter)# checksum true
tnsr(config-ipfix-exporter)# pmtu 1400
tnsr(config-ipfix-exporter)# exit
tnsr(config)# nat ipfix logging domain 2
tnsr(config)# nat ipfix logging src-port 54321
tnsr(config)# nat ipfix logging enable
tnsr(config)#